(920) 858-3252

Specializing in the Wear Resistant Steel and Welding Solutions field since 1993, there is very little that I have not seen in that period of  time.

These charts were created to help you get longer life & better results in your welding applications.

How to use the weld charts:

Use the columns to see which base metal you are welding, wire, stick, etc and suggestions for out of position, need to torch cut,  etc. to determine which welding product will work best for your specific application.  The descriptions of the individual weld products are listed after the charts.

Joining Welding Materials - The best wear plate products for longer life can disappoint if they are welded into place using the wrong welding materials.  Wear plates rich in chromium, nickel, moly & other alloys require welding products correct for the specific chemistry of the steel.

jsw_joiningchart

Hardsurfacing Welding Materials – A quick chart to determine what type of hardsurfacing products will deliver the longest life.  Use the columns to see which base metal you are welding, wire, stick, etc and suggestions for abrasion, impact, high heat, etc. to determine which welding product will work best for your specific application.
jsw_hardsurfacingchart
Weld Calculator – A neat little Excel gadget that allows you to quickly estimate the quantity of welding products required for your project.  Simply enter the greatest thickness of the materials to be welded and the total length of weld.  The calculator will guesstimate what quantity of welding materials, either stick or wire, for your project.

Contact Me with your request for the calculator and I’ll send it to you promptly.

 

Prime Arc Product Descriptions are listed in Alphabetical then Numerical Order.

Tri-Weld 3 – The correct stick electrode for joining Tri-Braze, AR400, AR500 and most any abrasion resistant plate, including manganese.  It contains the correct amount of nickel making it very crack resistant in these products, while maintaining good strength, flexibility and excellent toughness. A great running all position electrode with a low hydrogen type flux coating. It can also be used for buildup in worn areas.
Polarity is AC or DC electrode positive.

Tri-Weld 3 FCG – This is the flux cored wire version of Tri-Weld 3. It has all of the same properties as the stick electrode and is an all position wire. Gas is required and it does form a light flux that is easily removed between passes. Use 75% Argon 25% C02 or straight C02 may be used. It can be used in all of the same applications as the stick version. It is a very popular, smooth running wire. Joining mild steel may to any of the wear resistant steels works very well.  Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Cromo Alloy 11 – This is a solid core rod with a heavy flux coating and even higher abrasion resistance than Super C. One layer can run as high a 65 RC. It is a chrome carbide alloy with tungsten added for additional hardness and molybdenum for additional toughness. (The tungsten is in Solution, not in the form of particles.) This is mentioned so it will not be confused with tungsten drop. It is not a rod you would want to sell to a welder with little experience in hardfacing. It is slightly difficult to run; however it can produce a nice job in the hands of an experienced welder. With proper settings it can actually run out of position. As a rule of thumb, products with very high alloys & hardness do not produce welds that are as attractive as lesser alloys. That is the case with Chromo Alloy 11. It check cracks and it is not machinable. It will also hold its hardness at high temperatures of 1100 degrees F.  Hold a very tight arc. We stock this in 1/8 and 5/32 diameters.
Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Multi Alloy 85 – This is a stick electrode that is a versatile, very high strength stainless type alloy used for many applications including joining steels when you are unsure of the type or grade. It is used as a buffer between the joining weld and hardsurface when fabricating Super C to prevent check cracks from working into the weld. Build up of worn areas before hardsurfacing is another application. Multi Alloy 85 is also used for removing broken studs.

It is not a very good all position electrode; however an experienced welder can manage the small diameters acceptably. The welds are very flexible and forgiving to cracking. 130,000 Tensile 35% elongation.  Work hardens to 45 Rc.
Polarity is AC or DC electrode positive.

Prime Arc 100 – These electrodes are designed for gouging and metal removal when carbon arc gouging is not available or just a quick fix is needed. They run at relatively high amperage and have a specially designed flux to push the molten metal out of the way as you manipulate the rod. NOTE: THESE RODS RUN DC ELECTRODE NEGATIVE. This is called STRAIGHT POLARITY. This allows the electrical current to work in conjunction with the special flux to actually remove metal rather than deposit it. When used correctly, these rods actually do a much cleaner job than you might expect. They can be used to gouge a groove or actually make a cut. For the best results, you should only try to go as deep as about 75% of the diameter of the rod in each pass. They may also be run in AC current but the DC straight polarity works best. Recommended amperage: 1/8, 200 – 300 amps, 5/32, 300 – 400 amps and 3/16 350 – 475 amps.

Polarity is DC NEGATIVE or AC

Multi Alloy 222 FCO – This is another product for joining or building up manganese. It has slightly less alloy than some of the others and is more of a buildup product.  The manganese will work harden, has excellent strength and is very tough. You can buildup as many layers as necessary. Stocked in 1/16 diameter. It will work harden to 500 BHN or 51 Rc. Polarity is DC electrode positive.  Open arc or C02 may be used. Interpass temperatures should be limited to 500° F. Machinable and can be flame cut easily. Does not check crack. Polarity is DC electrode negative.

Multi Alloy 235 FCO – This product can be used for joining and build up of manganese as well as carbon steels. It is a higher alloy than the other two wires and is designed for severe impact loading. It also works well in applications where cavitation is a problem. It will work harden to 55 RC but is only about 220 BHN as welded. Machinable with carbide tools and cannot be flame cut. This is an open arc product. Does not check crack. Stocked in 1/16 diameter.
Polarity is DC electrode negative.

Multi Alloy 276 FCO – This is a high strength open arc wire designed for use on low carbon and low alloy steels. It can also be run in all positions. Although it is high strength, (100,000 PSI) it is not recommended for low temperature applications. It has a very smooth arc and produces low spatter. Applications would include maintenance welding and structural fabrication. We stock this in 1/16 diameter but it is available in .045.  Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Wear Arc 300 – This is a stick electrode for hardfacing when CHECK CRACKS ARE NOT DESIRABLE. It is a solid core rod with a flux coating that resembles a standard welding rod. Deposits should be held to 3 layers to help insure crack free deposits. This is a good rod to cap the welds when joining Tri Braze. It is limited out of position and is not machinable. It can be run AC or DC electrode positive. Wear Arc 300 will withstand severe impact and moderate to severe abrasion. It is a good general purpose hardfacing product for metal to metal and metal to earth. We stock this in 1/8 and 5/32 diameters. Hardness will run 52 – 58 RC
Polarity is AC or DC electrode positive.

Wear Arc 300 FCG – This is the wire version of the above stick electrode. It is a metal cored wire meaning there is no slag to be chipped off. It will do everything the stick electrode will do; and it is the wire we commonly use in the tungsten drop process. Here again, it can be used to cap welds when joining Tri Braze. We stock it in .045 and 1/16 diameters. It does not run well out of position but it is available in an all position version that does have a flux. It is usually run in 75% argon/25% C02 shielding gas, however, 98% argon/2% oxygen is the preferred gas for the tungsten drop process. Hardness on the wire version is 56 – 60 RC.
Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Wear Arc 355 – This is the W diameter tubular version of Super C. This means the electrode is made of a tube and the chemistry is packed inside in a powder form. There is a thin coating on the outside of the tube that helps protect the liquid puddle as it burns off. After welding, most of the flux easily brushes off. The main advantages of this type of electrode are as follows. They can be run at low amperage settings to minimize dilution and distortion. They have a very high recovery rate, meaning most all of the rod becomes weld metal as it is burned. (Even the stubs can be welded over and turned into weld metal) Last. but not least. they produce a very high quality deposit. This one, because of the W diameter, can be run out of position using certain procedures. Wear Arc 355 can be used anywhere Super C is used as well as to cap the welds joining Super C plate. Deposits check crack and are not machinable. Hardness runs from 56 – 62 RC and no more than 2 layers are recommended. As with most chrome carbides, impact qualities are moderate. They are not recommended for high impact applications. Wear Arc 355 is not machinable.

Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Wear Arc 377 – This is a stick electrode with a solid core rod and a flux covering that may be used to join or build up manganese alloys. It also contains chrome for added wear resistance. MANGANESE IS NOT HARD AS DEPOSITED! IT REQUIRES IMPACT TO WORK HARDEN! As welded, most manganese products are only in the low 200 BHN range. They can withstand heavy impact and that is how they reach their hardness potential. NEVER RECOMMEND A MANGANESE PRODUCT FOR AN APPLICATION WITH LITTLE OR NO IMPACT. Wear arc 377 will work harden to as high as 55 RC depending on the number of layers. It may be applied in as many layers as required. It welds very smooth with very low spatter. Interpass temperature should be limited to 500 degrees. Machinable with carbide tools and cannot be flame cut. Does not check crack. We stock this in 1/8,5/32,3/16 and ¼” diameters.
Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Wear ARC 377 FCO – This is one of the open arc wire versions of the stick electrode above. We stock it .045 and 1/16 diameter. It will basically do everything the rod will do and it is also a smooth running product. It will work harden up to 57 RC. Interpass temperatures should be limited to 500 degrees. Machinable with carbide tools and cannot be flame cut. Does not check crack. We stock this in 1/16 and .045 diameter. Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Wear Arc 400 FCG – This is a metal core wire very similar to Wear Arc 300 but with a higher alloy content by adding vanadium and boron in this product raise the hardness to 61 – 62 RC. With proper preheat and slow cooling, this can be applied crack free for a couple of layers. If it is put down over and over, it will check crack but not to the extent that chrome carbide products do. Cracks will be tight and much farther apart. It gives a good balance of resistance to both impact and abrasion. This would be a good product to cap manganese build, allowing the manganese to work harden as the 400 wears off. We stock this in 1/16 diameter. The usual shielding gas is 75% argon/25% C02.

Polarity is DC electrode positive.
Multi Alloy 855 FCG – This joining wire is the flux cored wire version of Multi Alloy 85. It will do everything the rod will do except stud removal, yet still retains the same strength and flexibility. The wire IS ALL POSITION, and 75% Argon/25% C02 GAS IS REQUIRED. It does form a light flux that must be removed between passes. This is another very smooth running product that is popular with welders. 120,000 Tensile Strength.
Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Cromo Alloy 1129-O – This is the wire version of Chromo Alloy 11. It is the same chemistry and exhibits all of the same properties as the rod with one exception. It runs better. It will weld very much like Super C. It is an open arc product but C02 can be added to reduce spatter and improve appearance. We stock 1129-O in 1/16” diameter. Hardness is 56-60 Rc.
Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Super C FCO – This is the same flux cored wire we use to manufacture our Super C plate. It is the best chrome carbide hardfacing material on the market. It is OPEN ARC and requires NO GAS. Straight C02 may be used to reduce spatter if desired, but this product has very low spatter. It is NOT an ALL POSITION electrode but it may be stacked vertically if proper procedures are followed. Super C FCO is the richest chemistry available and the deposits are identical to Super C plate in carbide formation. This product will check crack while welding and is used in areas with extreme abrasion and moderate to light impact. One exception in the area of impact is hardfacing manganese parts or manganese build up. It is commonly used to hardface these items to allow the manganese to work harden as the Super C wears off. The deposits polish quickly in service and give exceptional wear against sliding abrasion. Hardness is 58-62 RC.

Polarity is DC electrode positive.

Tri Weld C- This is one of the stick electrode versions of Super C. It is a solid core rod with a flux coating, meaning it resembles a standard 7018 in appearance. The chemistry is very close to that of Super C but the deposit will show more shine and more of a silver color. This is because of the type flux used. Most of the chemistry comes from the flux but there are also some good elements in it to clean the weld and form a protective coating over it. Again, similar to a 7018, this must be chipped off between passes. This is also what makes this rod do well in ALL POSITIONS. Tri Weld C can be used anywhere Super C is used as well as to cap the welds joining Super C plate. It check cracks as it cools the same as Super C. It is a very good choice for capping manganese parts and build up. Hardness is 56-60 RC and is not machinable..
Polarity is AC or DC electrode positive.

Wear Arc TCM – This is an open arc wire very similar to the Multi Alloy 222 FCO but with the addition of titanium. This raises the “as welded” hardness to 30-35 Rc before work hardening. It will work harden to 50–55 Rc very quickly. The deposit is very good with impact and can eliminate the need to cap it as with other manganese build up products. As a rule, electrodes that contain titanium do not run as “pretty” as other products. Wear Arc TCM runs very good relative to the others. It usually takes the operator a little time to get used to the appearance; however titanium is a very good alloy for abrasion accompanied by impact. Deposits can be flame cut and will not check crack. We stock this in 1/16 diameter.

Our line of Prime Arc® welding products offers the finest joining, hardsurfacing and dissimilar steel welding products in the industry.

For application assistance, Contact Me or call me at 920-858-3252

The Answer to your wear resistent steel challenges